Timely topics





FAMACHA© system

FAMACHA© is a diagnostic test to help small ruminant producers identify animals that require anthelmintic treatment and those which do not require deworming. The tool is a card that matches eyelid color to anemia levels, an indicator of clinical barber pole worm infection. Its use is limited to the parasites which cause anemia.


A Friendly and Encouraging Challenge to the Agricultural Extension Community: A low cost tool that can greatly influence management of internal parasites in small
; Jim Morgan, Ph.D. [February 2005].

An eye test for barber pole worm; USDA ARS [February 2006].

Integrated parasite management with FAMACHA©. Part 3 in a six part series on worm control in goats (originally published in Goat Rancher magazine); by Dr. Steve Hart and the Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control.

Conference proceedings

The FAMACHA© System: an Aid in the Management of Haemonchosis in Small Ruminants. Dr. Adriano F. Vatta, Zoetis [May 2013].

Responding to the emergence of multiple-drug resistant Haemonchus contortus: smart drenching and FAMACHA©. Ray Kaplan, DVM, Ph.D., Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia [June 2005].

Leave the Best, Treat the Rest - Targeted Selective Treatment for the Resource-Poor in Africa. J.A. van Wyk and G. F. Bath. [May 2013].

External links

FAMACHA scoring [YouTube Video]. Purdue University Extension.


FAMACHA© Anemia Record. Livestock Health and Production Group; South African Veterinary Association

FAMACHA© Information Guide. Livestock Health and Production Group; South African Veterinary Association

How to order a FAMACHA© card. American Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control.

Open letter to sheep and goat producers regarding the FAMACHA© program. Ray M. Kaplan DVM Ph.D., American Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control.

Journal articles

Accuracy of FAMACHA© system for onfarm use by sheep and goat producers in the southeastern United States; J.M. Burke, R.M. Kaplan, J.E. Miller, T.H. Terrill, W.R. Getz, S. Mobini, E. Valencia; M.J. Williams, L.H. Williamson, and A.F. Vatta; Veterinary Parasitology [March 2007].

The FAMACHA© system for managing haemonchosis in sheep and goats by clinically identifying individual animals for treatment; Jan A. Van Wyk and Gareth F. Bath; Review article; Veterinary Research [May 2002].

Use of FAMACHA system to evaluate gastrointestinal nematode resistance/resilience in offspring of stud rams; J. Burke and J. Miller; Veterinary Parasitology [May 2008].

Validation of the Famacha Eye Color Chart for Detecting Clinical Anemia in Sheep and Goats on Farms in the Southern United States; R. Kaplan, J. Burke, T. Terrill, J. Miller, W. Getz, S. Mobini, E. Valencia, M. Williams, L. Williamson, M. Larsen, and. A. Vatta; Veterinary Parasitology [ August 2004].

FAMACHA scoring
A FAMACHA© score is an estimate of packed cell volume (PCV).