International Conference
Pretoria, South Africa

Timely topics


UME log




FAMACHA© system

FAMACHA© is a diagnostic test to help small ruminant producers identify animals that require anthelmintic treatment and those which do not require deworming. The tool is a card that matches eyelid color to anemia levels, an indicator of clinical barber pole worm infection. Its use is limited to the parasites which cause anemia. Producers must receive training in order to receive a card.


A Friendly and Encouraging Challenge to the Agricultural Extension Community: A low cost tool that can greatly influence management of internal parasites in small
; Jim Morgan, Ph.D. [February 2005].

An eye test for barber pole worm; USDA ARS [February 2006].

Integrated parasite management with FAMACHA©. Part 3 in a six part series on worm control in goats (originally published in Goat Rancher magazine); by Dr. Steve Hart and the Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control.

Conference proceedings

The FAMACHA© System: an Aid in the Management of Haemonchosis in Small Ruminants. Dr. Adriano F. Vatta, Zoetis [May 2013].

Responding to the emergence of multiple-drug resistant Haemonchus contortus: smart drenching and FAMACHA©. Ray Kaplan, DVM, Ph.D., Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia [June 2005].

Leave the Best, Treat the Rest - Targeted Selective Treatment for the Resource-Poor in Africa. J.A. van Wyk and G. F. Bath. [May 2013].

External links

FAMACHA© scoring [YouTube Video]. Purdue University Extension.


FAMACHA© Anemia Record. Livestock Health and Production Group; South African Veterinary Association

FAMACHA© Information Guide. Livestock Health and Production Group; South African Veterinary Association

How to order a FAMACHA© card. American Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control.

Journal articles

Accuracy of FAMACHA© system for onfarm use by sheep and goat producers in the southeastern United States; J.M. Burke, R.M. Kaplan, J.E. Miller, T.H. Terrill, W.R. Getz, S. Mobini, E. Valencia; M.J. Williams, L.H. Williamson, and A.F. Vatta; Veterinary Parasitology [March 2007].

The FAMACHA© system for managing haemonchosis in sheep and goats by clinically identifying individual animals for treatment; Jan A. Van Wyk and Gareth F. Bath; Review article; Veterinary Research [May 2002].

Use of FAMACHA system to evaluate gastrointestinal nematode resistance/resilience in offspring of stud rams; J. Burke and J. Miller; Veterinary Parasitology [May 2008].

Validation of the Famacha Eye Color Chart for Detecting Clinical Anemia in Sheep and Goats on Farms in the Southern United States; R. Kaplan, J. Burke, T. Terrill, J. Miller, W. Getz, S. Mobini, E. Valencia, M. Williams, L. Williamson, M. Larsen, and. A. Vatta; Veterinary Parasitology [ August 2004].


How and why to do FAMACHA© scoring. Northeast Small Ruminant Parasite Control Program [February 2015].